What are the basic components that contribute to the space complexity?

 The basic components that contribute to space complexity are:

1. Input Size: The amount of space required to store the input data.

2. Variables: The space required to store variables and data structures used in the algorithm.

3. Auxiliary Space: The space required by the algorithm for its internal operations, such as recursion stacks or additional data structures.

4. Stack Space: The space required to store function calls and local variables in the call stack.

Overall, the space complexity of an algorithm is determined by the combination of these components.

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